Just another WordPress.com site

Pakistan Navy

PNS_Saif_17.jpgPNS_Saif_16.jpgPNS_Saif_15.jpg

Pak forces ready to repulse any aggression: air chief

KARACHI: The geopolitical situation has undergone radical changes, especially over the past few years. Pakistan today stands committed to the war against terrorism alongside the international community. We want peace with all our neighbours, but with honour and dignity.

Air Chief Marshall Rao Qamar Suleman said while addressing the 94th Officers Commissioning Parade held at the Pakistan Naval (PN) Academy on Monday. He said that our desire for peace must not be construed as a sign of weakness. In fact it is reflective of our confidence to effectively safeguard our national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

The armed forces of Pakistan are ready to repulse any kind of aggression if there comes any, he added. The air chief commended the participation of Pakistan Navy in Coalition Maritime Campaign Plan (CMCP). He said that the opportunity to command Combined Task Force-150 for four times by PN is a testimony of our professional excellence. He added that PN has been entrusted with the onerous command of Combined Task Force-151 in the Gulf of Aden and Somali Basin to deter and disrupt piracy for the benefit of all nations.

Appreciating a good proportion of female cadets on the parade ground, Rao said that it is heartening to see female cadets getting training at the Naval Academy. This reflects Quaid’s vision to provide women with equal instrumental role to play in defence and development of our country.

Earlier, Pakistan Naval Academy Commandant Commodore Ayaz Ahmed Nasir in his welcome address highlighted the salient features of officers’ training. He told the house that a total of 61 officers are passing out after rigorous training. He said PN Academy is privileged to train cadets from brotherly countries of Kazakhstan, Maldives, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Turkmenistan.

On his arrival the air chief was received by Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Noman Bashir. Thereafter, he inspected the platoons of the newly commissioned officers and reviewed the parade.

Later, he awarded prizes to the winner. Midshipmen Mohammad Bilil Asif was given the Sword of Honour for his best performance. Academy’s Dirk went to Midshipmen Owais Ahmed Khan while Lieutenant Shahab Hussain and Cadet Zeeshan Javed clinched Quaid-e-Azam and Chairman Joint Chief of Staff Gold Medal, respectively. Main Top Squadron was the recipient of Proficiency Banner. The ceremony was attended by a large number of senior officers from all three services, foreign diplomats and parents of the cadets. ppi

History

The foundation of the Royal Pakistan Navy came at creation of nation of Pakistan on 14 august 1947. The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee (AFRC) divided the Royal Indian Navy between both India and Pakistan. The Royal Pakistan Navy secured two sloops, twofrigates, four minesweepers, two naval trawlers, four harbor launches and some 358 personnel (180 officers and 34 ratings) and was given a number of Harbor Defense Motor Launches. It was also given a high percentage of the delta areas on the Pakistan coast.

“ Today is a historic day for Pakistan, doubly so for those of us in the Navy. The Dominion of Pakistan has come into being and with it a new Navy – the Royal Pakistan Navy – has been born. I am proud to have been appointed to command it and serve with you at this time. In the coming months, it will be my duty and yours to build up our Navy into a happy and efficient force.” Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

[2]

The beginning

 

Frigate Shamsher in 1951

The Royal Pakistan Navy saw no action during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 as all the fighting was restricted to land warfare. In 1956 the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was proclaimed under the 1956 constitution. The prefix Royal was dropped and the service was re-designated as the Pakistan Navy, or “PN” for short. The PN Jack and Pakistan flag replaced the Queen’s colour and the White Ensign respectively. The order of precedence of the three services changed from Navy,ArmyAir force to Army, Navy, Air Force. In February 1956, the British government announced supplying of several major surface combatants to Pakistan. These warships, a cruiser and four destroyers were purchased with funds made available under the US Military Assistance Program. The acquisition of a few additional warships that is two destroyers, eight coastal minesweepers and an oiler (between 1956–63) was the direct result of Pakistan’s participation in the anti-Communist defence pacts of SEATO and CENTO.

[edit]Indo-Pakistan war of 1965

During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 the navy was involved in a conflict for the first time. Apart from carrying out successful bombardment of the coastal town of Dwaraka – codenamed Operation Dwarka, the navy’s submarine PNS Ghazi which was Pakistan’s first submarine and remained the flagship submarine for Pakistan Navy till deployed against Indian Navy’s western fleet at Bombay (Mumbai) port.[3]

 

Daphne class submarine Ghazi (S-134)

Indo-Pakistan war of 1971

 

PNS Nazim which previously took part in the Vietnam and Korean wars with the USN

Karachi, the hub of Pakistan’s maritime trade, housed the headquarters of the Pakistan Navy and almost the entire naval fleet. On December 4 the Indian Navy launched a naval attack, Operation Trident, consisting of 3 OSA class missile boats escorted by two anti-submarine patrol vessels. Nearing the Karachi port, they detected Pakistani presence and launched their SS-N-2 Styx anti-ship missiles. The obsolescent Pakistani ships had no viable defence against such missiles [4] and, as a result, the PNS Muhafiz and PNS Khyber were both sunk while the PNS Shahjahan was severely damaged[citation needed].

On 8 December 1971 the PNS Hangor, a Pakistani Daphné class submarine, sank the Indian frigate INS Khukri off the coast of Gujarat, India. This was the first sinking of a warship by a submarine since World War II. 18 officers and 176 sailors of the Indian navy were killed in this operation. The same submarine also damaged another warship, INS Kirpan.[5] Attempts were then made by Pakistan to counter the Indian missile boat threat by carrying out bombing raids over Okha harbour, the forward base of the missile boats. Another Indian attack on the Pakistani coast, named Operation Python, occurred on the night of 8 December 1971. A small group of Indian vessels, consisting of a missile boat and two frigates, approached Karachi. The Indian ships sank the Panamian vessel Gulf Star, while the Pakistan Navy’s Dacca and the British ship SS Harmattan were damaged. Pakistani fuel reserves were also destroyed by the Indian vessels.

With East Pakistan having been surrounded on all three sides by the Indian Army, the PN was attempting to prevent Indian access to the coast. The PN’s only long range submarine, PNS Ghazi, was deployed to the area but, according to neutral sources, it sank en route under mysterious circumstances.[6]Pakistani authorities state that it sank either due to internal explosion or detonation of mines which it was laying at the time.[7] The Indian Navy claims to have sank the submarine,[8] but this is disputed by some Indian military officers.[9][10][11] The submarine’s destruction enabled the Indian Navy to enforce a blockade on then East Pakistan.[12]

The damage inflicted by the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force on the PN stood at seven gunboats, one minesweeper, two destroyers, three patrol crafts belonging to the coast guard, 18 cargo, supply and communication vessels, and large scale damage inflicted on the naval base and docks in the coastal town of Karachi. Three merchant navy ships; Anwar Baksh, Pasni and Madhumathi;[13] and ten smaller vessels were captured.[14] Around 1900 personnel were lost, while 1413 servicemen were captured by Indian forces in Dhaka.[15] The Indian Navy lost 18 officers and 176 sailors[5][16] and a frigate, while another frigate was damaged and a Breguet Alizé naval aircraft was shot down by the Pakistan Air Force. According to one Pakistan scholar, Tariq Ali, the Pakistan Navy lost a third of its force in the war.[17] The primary reason for this loss has been attributed to the central command’s failure in defining a role for the Navy, or the military in general, in East Pakistan. Since then the Navy has sought to improve the structure and fleet by putting special emphasis on sub-surface warfare capability as it allows for the most efficient way to deny the control of Pakistani sea lanes to an adversary.

Post war Operations

Pakistan Navy played an integral role to stop the arm smuggled in Balochistan conflict. After the discovery of Arms in the Iraqi Embassy in Pakistan, the Navy made an effort to applied a naval blockade to stop and prevent the arm smuggling in the Province. Later, the navy provided the logistic support to the Army and the Air Force in the conflict.

From her inception, the Navy sought to diversify its purchases instead of depending solely on the United States, which had placed an arms embargo on both India and Pakistan. It sought more vessels from France and China. The Pakistan Navy thus became the first navy in South Asia to acquire land based missile capable long range reconnaissance aircraft.[18] During the 1980s the Pakistan Navy enjoyed un-preceded growth. It doubled its surface fleet from 8 to 16 surface combatants in 1989. In 1982, the Reagan administration approved US$3.2 billion military and economic aid to Pakistan. Pakistan acquired eight Brooke and Garcia-class frigates from US Navy on a five year lease in 1988. A depot for repairs, ex-USS Hector followed the lease of these ships in April 1989. However after theSoviet withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989 US President George Bush was advised to no longer certify that Pakistan was not involved in the development of nuclear weapons and the Pressler’s Amendment was invoked on 1 October 1990. The lease of the first Brooke class frigate expired in March 1993, the remaining in early 1994. This seriously impaired the Pakistan Navy, which was composed almost entirely of former US origin ships. Pakistan began to concentrate on self-reliance for its military equipment needs.

The PN began negotiations with China to lease a Chinese Type 091 Han class nuclear submarine after rival India began leasing a Russian Charlie 1 class nuclear submarine. Negotiations were cancelled when the Russian submarine was returned in 1991.[19]

During the Kargil War episode, the Pakistan Navy was deactivated along with the Pakistan Air Force, according to Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Fasih Bokhari. However, when Indian Navy launchedOperation Talwar, Pakistan Navy responded by deploying Eastern and Southern Naval Command to keep Indian Navy from Ports of Karachi and Baluchistan. The Naval Air Arm maintained its reconnaissance and patrol operations near at the Arabian sea. During the 2001-2002 India-Pakistan Standoff, the Pakistan Navy was a put on high-alert and more than a dozen warships were deployed near at the Arabian Sea.

Later in 2004, Pakistan Navy provided an escort, and participated in Operation Enduring Freedom along with United States Navy warships travelling through Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf[20]. The PN Maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircrafts also undertake surveillance sorties in North Arabian Sea and help Headquarters Naval Centre (HQ NAVCENT) in picture compilation[21].

Atlantique incident

The Atlantique Incident was a major international incident on 10 August 1999 where a Pakistan Navy plane (Breguet Atlantic) with 16 on board was shot down in the border area of the Kutch region by Indian Air Force jets, with Pakistan and India both claiming the aircraft to be in their respective airspace. However, the wreckage fell well within Pakistani territory, giving credence to the Pakistani claim. The Indian Air Force stated that the Atlantique was trying to return to Pakistani airspace after intruding more than 10 nautical miles (19 km) and as such was headed towards Pakistan. At the speed of 400 knots (740 km/h) at which the shootdown occurred[citation needed] most of the wreckage could have been expected to land at least 25 miles (40 km) from the shootdown[citation needed]; the fact that all of the wreckage fell in Pakistani territory would tend to vindicate Pakistani claims that the aircraft did not violate Indian airspace. This incident resulted in escalated tensions between the two neighbouring countries. [22]

P3C Orion Crash

In October 1999, a Pakistan Naval surveillance aircraft crashed while on routine exercise towards the costal town of Pasni in Baluhistan. [23] 21 Personnel including 11 sailors and 10 officers died in the incident. The incident was marked as a technical failure, and no enquiry was made into the crash. P3C Orion were originally developed for the US by Lockheed Martin. [24]

Tsunami relief activities

The Navy has been involved in some peacetime operations, most notably during the tsunami tragedy that struck on December 26, 2004. Pakistan sent vessels to Sri Lanka and the Maldives to help in rescue and relief work.[25]

Personnel

 

Pakistan Navy Officers On Guard By the National Flag

 

Pakistani navy Commodore Khan Hasham Bin Saddique, left, hands a spyglass to French navy Rear Adm. Jean L. Kerignard during a change of command ceremony aboard PNS Tippu Sultan (D 186) while in port at Mina Salman Pier, Bahrain, February 25, 2008.

The Pakistan Navy has around 24,000 active personnel and 5,000 in reserve.[26] The force includes a small Naval Air Arm and the approximately 2,000 member paramilitary Maritime Security Agency, charged primarily with protecting Pakistan’s exclusive economic zone(EEZ).[26] The Navy also comprises theSpecial Services Group Navy, a marine commando unit as well as a Marine unit, both stationed at Karachi. The SSG(N) and Marines are believed to number around 1,000 in troop strength each. Pakistan Navy recently began inducting women for combat positions apart from the existing administrative posts, becoming one of the few Islamic Republics to do so.[27]

Naval Headquarters

  • Admiral Noman Bashir — Chief of Naval Staff (CNS)
  • Vice Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila — Chief of Staff (COS)
  • Vice Admiral Tanveer Faiz — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Projects)
  • Rear Admiral Waqar Siddiq — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Supply)
  • Rear Admiral Mohammad Shafiq — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Projects-2)
  • Rear Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Training and Personnel)
  • Rear Admiral Shafqat Jawed — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Operations)
  • Rear Admiral Shahid Saeed — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Material)
  • Rear Admiral Khawaja Ghazanfar Hussain — Naval Secretary (NS)
  • Rear Admiral Waseem Akram — DG Naval Intelligence (DG NI)

Commands

  • Vice Admiral Abbas Raza — Commander Pakistan Fleet (COMPAK), Karachi
  • Vice Admiral Tayyab Ali Dogar — Commander Coast (COMCOAST), Karachi
  • Rear Admiral Khalid Amin — Commander Logistics (COMLOG), Karachi
  • Rear Admiral Sayyid Khawar Ali — Commander Karachi (COMKAR), Karachi
  • Rear Admiral Tahseen Ullah Khan — Commandant Coast Guard, Karachi
  • Rear Admiral Syed Bashir Ahmed — Commandant, Pakistan Navy War College (PNWC), Lahore
  • Commodore Raja Jamil Akhtar — Commander North (COMNOR), Islamabad

External billets

  • Rear Admiral Saleem Akhtar — DG Maritime Technologies Complex (MTC), Islamabad
  • Rear Admiral Khan Hasham Bin Siddique — Commandant, National Security (NS) College at NDU Islamabad
  • Rear Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi — DG Maritime Security Agency (MSA), Karachi
  • Rear Admiral Syed Arifullah Hussaini — DG Training and Joint Warfare at Joint Staff HQ, Chaklala
  • Rear Admiral Adnan Nazir — DG (Media) at Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Islamabad
  • Rear Admiral Shah Sohail Masood — Additional Secretary-III (Navy) at Ministry of DefenceRawalpindi
  • L/Rear Admiral Azhar Hayat — General Manager (Operations), Karachi Port Trust (KPT)

List of Naval Chiefs

 

FM-90 On board PNS Zulfiqar

 

C-802 Anti Ship Missile on board PNS Zulfiqar

  1. Rear Admiral James Wilfred Jefford (August 15, 1947 – January 30, 1953)[28]
  2. Vice Admiral Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri (January 31, 1953 – 28 February 1959)[28]
  3. Vice Admiral Afzal Rahman Khan (March 1, 1959 – October 20, 1966)[28]
  4. Vice Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan Khan Abbasi (October 20, 1966 – August 31, 1969)[28]
  5. Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan (September 1, 1969 – December 22, 1971)[28]
  6. Vice Admiral Hasan Hafeez Ahmed (March 3, 1972 – March 9, 1975)[28]
  7. Admiral Mohammad Shariff (March 23, 1975 – March 21, 1979)[28]
  8. Admiral Karamat Rahman Niazi (March 22, 1979 – March 23, 1983)[28]
  9. Admiral Tariq Kamal Khan (March 23, 1983 – April 9, 1986)[28]
  10. Admiral Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey (April 9, 1986 – November 9, 1988)[28]
  11. Admiral Yastur-ul-Haq Malik (November 10, 1988 – November 8, 1991)[28]
  12. Admiral Saeed Mohammad Khan (November 9, 1991 – November 9, 1994)[28]
  13. Mansurul Haq (November 10, 1994 – May 1, 1997)[28]
  14. Admiral Fasih Bokhari (May 2, 1997 – October 2, 1999)[28]
  15. Admiral Abdul Aziz Mirza (October 2, 1999 – October 2, 2002)[28]
  16. Admiral Shahid Karimullah (October 3, 2002 – October 6, 2005)
  17. Admiral Afzal Tahir (October 7, 2005 – October 7, 2008)
  18. Admiral Noman Bashir (October 7, 2008–present)

Organization

The supreme commander of the Navy is the Chief of the Naval Staff. Admiral Noman Bashir is the current Chief of the Navy.

The navy has six commands:

  • COMKAR (Commander Karachi) – Looks after the shore establishments of the Navy which provide services and training facilities for the PN. He also looks after the protocol at Karachi. His responsibilities also include harbour defence.
  • COMPAK (Commander Pakistan Fleet) – The command heads the surface, sub surface and aviation commands. In fact, this command is the war fighting machine having 4 dimensional components. Previously, it included the 25th Destroyer Squadron (with Gearing class D16O, D164-168).
  • COMCOAST (Commander COAST) – The special command of SSG(N), Marines and Coastal stations.
  • COMLOG (Commander Logistics) – This command looks after the repair, maintenance and logistic infrastructure of PN.
  • FOST (Flag Officer Sea Training) Conducts all types of operational training at Sea
  • COMNOR (Commander North) – Looks after the Naval installations in the north of Pakistan;
  • COMWEST (Commander WEST) – Looks after the Naval installations in the west of Pakistan. The naval bases are OrmaraPasniGwadar and Jiwani.
  • COMNAV (Commander Naval Air Arm) – Looks after the Naval air stations, and is the commander of the Naval Aviation Unit.

Ranks

PN Officer Ranks
Rank Admiral
(4 Star)
Vice Admiral
(3 Star)
Rear Admiral
(2 Star)
Commodore
(1-Star)
Captain Commander Lieutenant
Commander
Lieutenant Sub
Lieutenant
Midshipman
Uniform insignia Admiral.gif Vice Admiral Pak Navy.png Rear Admiral Pak Navy.png Pakistan Navy Commodore.gif Pak Navy captain.gif Pakistan Navy Commander.gif Lieutenant Commander Pak Navy.png Lieutenant Pak Navy.png Sub Lieutenant Pak Navy.png Midshipman Pak Navy.png
PN Sailor Ranks
Rank Master Chief Petty Officer Fleet Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer Leading
Uniform insignia

Training institutions

Pakistan Navy has an academy of its own called the Pakistan Naval Academy, it is the home of initial training of officers of Pakistan Navy. The academy also has provided basic training to the officers of Allied Navies. The Chief of Naval Staff of Qatar Emiri Navy and many high ranking officers of Royal Saudi Navy as well as other navies in the Gulf were graduates of the PNA. The academy is a full fledged training institution catering to the needs to Pakistani junior Naval officers. The Navy also has its own navy war college called the Pakistan Navy War College[29] specializing in imparting Naval Warfare techniques to officers of the Pakistan marine forces.

Other worthwhile training institutions are:

PNS Bahadur: conducts specialist courses.

PNS Himalaya: for basic training of sailors. HET is a way to be commissioned officer from sailors.

PNS Karsaz: It is the Largest and the most organized technical training Establishment of Pakistan Navy. The establishment has the privilege to host many heads of states since its commissioning. It is considered the mother unit of PNS MEHRAN, PNS JAUHAR, PNS BAHADUR, ASD and other PN units in that area. The unit celebrated its golden jubilee in 2003 under the command of Cdre M B Chaudhry. PNS KARSAZ also houses one of the most modern Special Children School which was built at the cost of Rs 88.00 Millions during 2003-5. Cdre M Bashir Chaudhry who was the commandant KARSAZ during this period was the force behind this project who collected the funds through philanthropists. Rangoon wala trust contributed the most. In fact PNS KARSAZ is a complete Naval unit which can operate independently in all spheres.

PNS Jauhar: for technical training of officers.

PNS Jauhar has been absorbed by the National University of Sciences and Technology and has become its constituent Pakistan Navy Engineering College, where officers and civilian students are offered degrees in Electrical, Mechanical and Electronics Engineering.Special Force

 

Naval SSG operating in the Gulf of Oman

Special Services Group (N)

Special Service Group Navy (SSGN) is an independent commando division of the Pakistan Navy. It is an elite special operations force. Official numbers place the strength between 1000 to 1240 in 3 Regiments.

Marines

Main article: Pakistan Marines

Pakistan Navy Marines division was re-established on April 14, 1990 with about 2,000 men [30] and plans to expand the force significantly by 2015. The naval marines are based at Port Qasim naval base.

Fleet composition

 

PNS Zulfiqar

 

PNS Tippu Sultan

 

PNS Shahjahan

 

PNS Larkana Class Missile Boat

 

Harpoon Block II test firing.

 

A Pakistan Navy Hover Craft

 

Z-9C

Ships with respect to their classes:[31][32][33][34]

Ship Quantity Service
entry
Comments
Frigates
F-22P Zulfiquar class
F-251 PNS Zulfiqar
F-252 PNS Shamsheer
F-253 PNS Saif
F-254 (under construction & expected to be delivered in 2012/2013)
4 2009
2009
PNS Zulfiquar delivered August 2009
PNS Shamsheer delivered December, 2009
PNS Saif is delivered to Pak Navy on 15 Sep 2010 and commioned on 11/11/2010.
Destroyer
Tariq class
F181 PNS Tariq
F182 PNS Babur
F183 PNS Khaibar
F184 PNS Badr
F185 PNS Shah Jahan
F186 PNS Tippu Sultan
6 1990s

PNS Alamgir
1
2010
1 acquired in Aug, 2010.[35]
Mine Hunters
3 Eridan class Mine Hunter vessels 

Missile Boats
2 Jalalat class 

2 Fast Attack Craft (Indigenous)[36] 

1 Larkana class 

1

  • PNS Rajshahi
Multi Role Tactical Platform
2 MRTP-33 

  • PNS Zarrar
  • PNS Karrar
2 MRTP-15 

  • P01 PNS ?
  • P02 PNS ?
Auxiliary
1 Fuqing class 

  • A47 PNS Nasr
1 Poolster class 

  • A20 PNS Moawin
2 Coastal tankers 

  • PNS Kalmat
  • PNS Gawadar
1 Hydrographic Survey Vessel 

  • PNS Behr Paima
1 Dredging Vessel 

  • PNS Behr Khusha
2 Small tanker cum utility ship (STUS) 

  • PNS ? (launched)
  • PNS ? (underconstruction)
Training vessel
1 Leander class frigate 

  • F262 PNS Zulfiqar
Hover Crafts
12 Griffon class
Patrol boats
12+5 12 Gulf Crafts and, 5 patrol boats USA delivered as donation on 13 Feb, 2010 at Karachi.[37]

Submarines

A total of five active diesel electric submarines plus 3 midget submarines, MG110 are in the Naval inventory.[38] These include:

submarine[39]

3 Agosta 90B class submarine[40] 

  • PNS/M Khalid
  • PNS/M Saad
  • PNS/M Hamza
2 Agosta 70[40] 

  • PNS/M Hasmat
  • PNS/M Hurmat
  • A contracr has been signed in Jun 2010 with Frech DCN company to upgrade Agosta 70 submarines.

All of the Pakistani SSKs have been equipped with AshMs which can be fired while submerged. The three Khalid class boats are capable of firing Exocet AshM, while the older Agostas and Daphnes have been equipped with US Harpoon AshMs. PNS/M Hamza (third Agosta-90B) is equipped with the MESMA Air Independent Propulsion system, PNS/M Khalid and PNS/M Saad will be upgraded with the same MESMA AIP system in the near future. The Pakistan Navy also plans to integrate the Boeing Harpoon Block II on to its Agosta-90Bs; and currently the Agosta-90Bs are capable of firing Blackshark torpedoes.

In mid-2006 the Pakistan Navy announced its requirement of three new SSK attack submarines to replace the two Agosta-70 submarines and rebuild its fleet – after retiring the four Daphne Class. The French naval firm DCN had offered its latest export design – the Marlin SSK – which is based on the Scorpene SSK, but also uses technology from the Barracuda nuclear attack submarine. However, the Pakistan Navy is said to have chosen the Type 214 submarine. During the IDEAS 2008 exhibition, the HDW chief Walter Freitag told “The commercial contract has been finalised up to 95 per cent,” he said. The first submarine would be delivered to the Pakistan Navy in 64 months after signing of the contract while the rest would be completed successively in 12 months.[41]

Pakistan is also seeking to enhance its strategic strike capability by developing naval variants of the Babur land attack cruise missile (LACM). The Babur LACM has a range of 700 km and is capable of using both conventional and nuclear warheads. Future developments of LACM include capability of being launched from submarines, surface combatants and aircraft.

Frigates

The side of the PNS Zulfiquar.jpg 

 

PNS Badr (F184) steams alongside USS Tarawa (LHA-1) in November of 2005

File:PNS Alamgir1.jpg 

The Wikipede edits PNS ALAMGIR.

The Navy’s eight frigates include six ex-British Amazon class (PNS Babur) ships. These are expected to retire between 2010 and 2020. In 2005 Pakistan ordered four F-22P light frigates from China in a deal worth $750 million.[42] The first has been commissioned and the remainder by 2013.[42] One of the F-22Ps will be built in the Karachi Shipyard. The F-22Ps also have the ability to embark Harbin Z-9 helicopters on deck.[42] The F-22P is an improved version of the Type 053H3 Jiangwei II class light frigate, it has a displacement of at least 2500 tons.[42] The first F-22P is called PNS Zulfiqar, and thus the F-22Ps will be called Zulfiqar Class. According to Janes the Pakistan Navy is expected to place a formal request to the U.S. for six Oliver Hazard Perry class frigates to augment its surface fleet. These may replace the Type-21s and act as stop-gaps until new-built frigates and corvettes are commissioned. The weapons and systems on the PN FFG-7 have not yet been disclosed, but they could include the Mk 41 Vertical Launch System for the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile(ESSM) as well as Mk 32 torpedo tubes for Mk 46 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) torpedoes. The frigate USS McInerney (FFG-8) with considerable anti-submarine warfare capability was handed over on August 31, 2010. The ship has been named PNS ALAMGIR (FFG-260) after the great Moughal Emperor Alamgir. The ship was transferred to Pakistan at Mayport, Florida, USA. At present the crew is undergoing training and will sail back to Pakistan after essential repairs by BAE Systems Shipyard.[43] According to Janes’ IDEAS 2004 interview with former Pakistan Navy Chief ex-Admiral Karimullah at least four additional new-built frigates will be acquired by the navy. The new frigate will be larger and superior to the F-22P; it will likely have a better air defence system and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability; and use more advanced sensors, radar and electronics. Kanwa recently reported that the Pakistan Navy has shown recent interest in the, non other than, Chinese Type 054A frigate. Another potential option could be the TKMS MEKO A-200 frigate.[citation needed]

Corvettes & missile boats

The Pakistan Navy operates four Jalalat class 200 ton missile boats each armed with four Chinese C-802 anti-ship missiles. The Jalalat II Class were locally produced using a German design. In November, 2006 the Pakistan Navy ordered two MRTP-33 missile boats from Yonca-Onuk shipyards of Turkey.[44] The first will be delivered in 2008. The Navy has an overall requirement of eight MRTP-33s.

  • Pakistan Navy has ordered Two missile boats of 500 tons equipped with C802/803 anti ship missile from China in December 2010, delivery date is unknown.

Pakistan Naval Air Defence

  • FN16 Or HY-6 Shoulder fire Surface to air missile
 (tested on 25th DEC 2010 by Naval Marines with    a range of 6 Km and altitude ~ 3.5Km)
  • Mistral Shoulder fire Air to surface missile (Test fired on 25th DEC 2010 by Naval marines)

Pakistan Naval Aviation

Main article: Pakistan Naval Air Arm
 

Breguet Atlantique

 

Westland Lynx

Pakistan Naval Aviation is an important arm of the Pakistan Navy and assists in the surface and submarine flights to guarantee the safety of Pakistan sea borders.

Currently the PN Aviation Force consists of:

  • Westland Lynx - anti-ship/anti-submarine/transport helicopters
  • Lockheed P-3C Orion - maritime surveillance/anti-submarine warfare aircraft/airborne early warning. Future supply of 7 more under an agreement with Lockheed Martin signed in 2006.[47] Two upgraded P-3C Orion delivered on 7th Jan 2010 while one was delivered in Nov 2009. Another two advanced P-3C Orion aircrafts to be delivered soon .[48]
  • Fokker F27-200 Friendship - maritime surveillance aircraft[40]
  • Hawker 850 - VIP transport aircraft
  • Breguet Atlantique I - maritime surveillance/anti-submarine warfare aircraft.[40]
  • 32+ Dassault Mirage V - anti-ship attack aircraft flown by PAF which are based at PAF base Masroor in Karachi [40] (operated by the Pakistan Air Force)
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  • Harbin Z-9 helicopters

Others

X-CRAFT:[49]

X-Craft 908 P/A as Shallow Water Attack Submarine(SWAS) is used to carryout mine laying torpedo attack, frogman operations and commando landing. The contract of these mini submarines was signed with Italian firm M/s COSMOS in 1986. First of these craft was brought to Pakistan in semi knock down condition in 1988. Subsequently all X-Craft were assembled in Pakistan with TOT. Presently, X-Craft are being operated under COMSUBS along with other conventional submarines.

PN Role in War on Terror

 

A member of Pakistan Navy Special Service Group is silhouetted by the setting sun aboard Pakistan Navy Ship PNS Babur (D 182) while under way in the Arabian Sea November 25, 2007.

The Pakistani Navy plays an active role in the multinational Combined Task Force 150.[50] The command of the force was give to Pakistan from March 24, 2006 till February 25, 2008. Under Pakistan's leadership, CTF 150 coordinated patrols throughout their area of operations to help commercial shipping and fishing operate safely and freely in the region. Additionally, CTF 150 Coalition ships made 11 successful at-sea rescues and made the largest drug bust in the CTF 150 AOO since 2005.[51] Pakistan has contributed 13 different ships to CTF 150 and the current one being PNS Tariq.[52]

About these ads

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.